For centuries, the rich geology of the Peak District has encouraged the search for workable minerals and the area is one of the richest sources of minerals in England. The three main minerals of commercial interest are limestone, gritstone and vein minerals.
Whilst mineral working is an historic feature of the Peak District, it is also presents one of the key challenges to the management of the national park's landscape.
There are 45 quarries in the national park, of which 40 are active and 5 are dormant. They range from large enterprises run by multinational corporations to tiny sites producing small amounts of building stone for restoration work.The Peak District National Park Authority is responsible for all planning applications related to mineral working and waste disposal or processing within the national park.