This is an archived press release
Wednesday 12 May 2010
12 May 2010
Critical Moss: Can humble moss save the Peak District moors?
REVOLUTIONARY TECHNIQUE RE-INTRODUCES RARE MOSS TO PEAK DISTRICT
Using a revolutionary new technique, scientists have been able to propagate Sphagnum moss in a laboratory before the tiny plant that was ravaged by pollution from the industries of northern England was dropped by helicopter onto the remote windswept moors.
Sphagnum moss is the basic building block of our blanket peatlands- the Critical Moss. As it partially decomposes in waterlogged conditions it forms layers of peat, the basis of the very special habitat that develops. Unfortunately Sphagnum moss has been largely lost from the Peak District primarily due to pollution and wildfires. This reduces the contribution that the blanket peats can make to carbon storage that can help combat climate change as well as their wildlife value.
Moors for the Future already have a successful track record of moorland restoration. Matt Buckler, Conservation Works Manager for Moors for the Future, said:
“All our works to date have been about stabilising the ground until peat forming vegetation can develop. Sphagnum is the most important peat forming plant and the glue that holds the whole blanket bog community together and so this project is probably the most important innovation ever in moorland restoration techniques”
Chris Shearlock, The Co-operative’s Sustainable Development Manager, said:
“We have championed many international biodiversity issues in recent years such as responsible fish sourcing and sustainable wood and paper products but moorland degradation is a problem in our back yard with an impact world-wide.
"It doesn’t get the profile it deserves so we hope that this innovative partnership will help draw attention to this vital work of saving the moorlands.
“The Peak District is at the heart of The Co-operative’s heritage - the first co-operative society was formed in Rochdale in 1844 and today we’re headquartered in Manchester. While previous generations may have taken this area for granted we now want to redress the damage caused by our forefathers in the industrial revolution. “
Jon Stewart from Natural England said:
“England’s moorland blanket peatlands are a crucial buffer against climate change through their role as a carbon store but have been extensively damaged by centuries of inappropriate management and pollution. We have to stop the rot and ensure that peatlands are properly looked after as one of our most precious environmental resources.
“This project is seeking to understand and demonstrate how we can do this in the Peak District. It is about restoring the natural bog forming species to the extensive blanket bogs in one of our best loved National Parks. We want the peatlands to be as healthy as possible so they can supporttheir special wildlife, provide inspiration and enjoyment and function as an effective carbon store”.
- Moors for the Future has been working in partnership with Manchester Metropolitan University and Micro Propagation Services on the project that has been funded by Natural England as well as The Co-operative.
- Bare peat that is exposed to the weather will easily dry out and blow away or get washed away by rain. Much of the peat in the Peak District & South Pennines is already in poor condition and is unable to withstand the predicted extremes of future weather. That means a lot of it ends up in our rivers and reservoirs. This is bad in two ways:
- It reduces the amount of peat on the moors to absorb carbon and rainwater
- It pollutes the rivers that feed the drinking-water reservoirs so that water companies have to spend more money cleaning the water for consumption
- Sphagnum moss has the ability to hold many times its own weight of water which:
- allows other vegetation to flourish, covering the peat so that it is less vulnerable to weather
- maintains the high moisture level that is necessary for new peat to develop, thus sustaining this valuable ecosystem into the future
- reduces the risk of wildfire as the surface of the bog is kept wet.