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Peak District National Park State of the Park

Landscape

The landscape of the Peak District National Park is diverse. It ranges from the broad open moorlands and gritstone formations of the Dark Peak, and the varied river corridor habitats of the Derwent Valley, to the limestone plateaux and deeply cut dales and gorges of the White Peak. These landscapes are interspersed by enclosed farmlands, wooded valleys, villages and hamlets, which are home to the national park's 38,000 residents, the majority of whom live in the White Peak.

The Peak District's landscapes have been shaped by variations in geology and landform, as well as the long settlement and use by people. Today's landscapes have a rich diversity of natural and cultural heritage, and this diversity is enjoyed by residents and visitors alike.

No element of the national park landscape is untouched by past or present human activity. However, more people, new technologies and changing lifestyles mean that our potential to change the environment and the appearance of the landscape is much greater now than for any previous generation. Consequently, our collective responsibility for being aware of our impact and for making choices to manage change within the national park is also greater than ever before.

**** A Diverse Working and Cherished Landscape is one of four key themes from the National Parl Management Plan. As well as looking at how we can take action to conserve and enhance the landscape, it also focuses on cultural heritage, biodiversity and ecosystems and how we can adapt to the effects of climate change. ****

The State of the Park reports on the key elements that make up or can significantly affect the landscape of the Peak District.

Agriculture considers the impact of farming and land management on the landscape.

Air quality considers the effect of human activity on the landscape and on air quality.

Biodiversity reviews the diversity and condition of plant and animal species that make up the Peak District's landscapes.

Climate considers the broad range of climatic conditions that influence and affect the Peak District.

Climate change explores the potential causes and effects of climate change on the Peak District, and what can be done to mitigate them.

Nature Conservation Designations assess the overall size and shape of conservation designations within the Peak District's landscapes.

Geodiversity reviews the geological make-up of the Peak District and the minerals extraction industry.

Landscape character considers the diverse landscape characteristics that make up the Peak District's landscapes.

Light pollution assesses the impact that light pollution from human activity has on the Peak District and its dark skies.

River quality assesses the water quality of rivers flowing within the Peak District National Park.

Tranquillity considers the peace and quiet of the national park.